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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 18, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PST

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objectives. we offer spers and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. hat can we do for you? >> and yours, "bbc world news america." >> reporting from washington,. violence erupts in kiev between police and protesters. at least 13 people are killed in the deadliest day of the demonstrations. tens of thousands take to the streets in venezuela and a dwindling number of -- fewer are making the migration each year n north america.
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>> welcome to ow views on public television in america and around the globe. in the world violence since the protests began, at least 13 people have been killed in ukraine today. police have stormed independent scare in kiev using grands, water bullets and water cannons. thousands of protesters are holding their ground. we look at the deepening crisis which has repercussions beyond ukraine's borders. >> the apocalyptic scene in central kiev tonight, a firewall of blazing tents and smoking tires, of protesters defiantly firing firecrackers and other things. the police using water cannon trucks to push their way through. this protesters says she's not afraid.
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i've been standing here three months already, she says. i'm here for ukraine and for my family. earlier, from inside the protest camp, the opposition leader vitale aklitschko urged his supporters to stay put. each of you here should stay strong in spirit, he said, because we're not going anywhere. a new and deadly phase in the fight for ukraine's future, which had earlier turned the center of the city in a virtual war zone. protesters throwing malto have cocktails and police with stun grenades and reportedly live ammunition. the clashes lasted for hours and left deaths on both sides as well as hundreds injured. here, a wounded demonstrator being helped. here, a policeman being hurried
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to safety. the worst day of violence since protests erupted 12 weeks -- weeks ago after the path rejected a far-reaching trade deal with the e.u. in favor of ties with russia. at the heart of the protests in the ukraine are two opposing visions of the country's future. from people, especially older russians want to stay close to russia, but others, younger and western ukrainians want to break free of russia's influence and turn westwards towards europe. divided loyalties which some fear could end up splitting the country down the middle. yesterday it looked as though tensions were sub siding. signs of a cleanup as protesters were to vacate some buildings in
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returns for am knellsy. it's not clear what ignited the trouble today but it provided the pretext for a crackdown. the american and european governments say they're deeply worried. >> we're appalled by the violence that was already taking place in downtown kiev and reports of armed riots. we continue to condemn street violence and excessive use of force by either side. the force will not resolve the crisis. >> tonight, there are reports that the opposition leader, mr. klitschko is meeting the president, but it's unclear if negotiations the calm this night of crisis. >> and for the latest from kiev, i spoke to the bbc's david stern a short time ago. i asked him about the situation there tonight. >> the situation, the deadly situation, continues. just about 50 meters down the
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road is insurance square. -- independence square. i can hear the stun grenades exploding. it's not clear what the police are going to do but they are moving into the square slowly. of course, we've seen fatalities today. he worst violence so far broke out in a number of places around the parliament. before now it had been concentrated in one area. now we see the violence spreading and the question is whether the violence will spread even further than kiev or possibly into the countryside outside of the capital and the regions loyal to the president. >> could this be a critical moment in ukraine's political standoff? > well, we've seen a number of critical moments but yes, it does seem that it's reaching
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another climax. we don't know what's going to happen tomorrow. there are talks that the government said it would introduce a crackdown. they say they'll use all legal means to restore stability. we have talks going on between the opposition and the president and the government and potentially for the president, but the talks in the past have led nowhere. the two sides are nowhere closer to reaching a compromise. the standoff continues and it seems divisions tonight are growing even deeper. > the president of chad called today to help stop the escalating violence in the central african republic. there's a threat of attack from christian militias. even though they're trying to keep the community out of harm's ay, they've been targeted.
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>> the vigilantes have just left the village. now it's time for the muslims to bury the dead. they're weeping for the local mayor, killed during the night along with his family and another boy. the mayor was his older brother and a rare voice of tolerance in a nation consumed by rage. [wailing] >> he'd held the job for 14 years. but he died here, tied up, shot, and hanged to death beside his son outside the mosque. all but a handful of towles -- locals have now fled into the bush. we're scared, he says. where are the french to protect us? we've been totally abandoned.
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this was quite a spectacle with 60,000. now these are all that are left, less than 100 and they're desperately asking for some international peacekeepers to come and stay here and ensure that they're safe. french troops are beginning to push into the countryside. reinforcements are coming too but not fast enough to protect every muslim community now under siege. as for the killers, well, we found these men close by, members of the christian militia group. they're high on drugs and delighted about the mayor's death but they say it wasn't their work. it's good he died, he says. the mayor was a muslim. we don't want any of them to remain in this country. even if he was a food man, he was a muslim. there were scenes like this.
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crowd of muslims scrambling forward a military effort. they've been waiting here for weeks for a plane abroad. the roads are still too dangerous. they're hungry and desperate. some here talk of a long war to come. for now, though, they just want to get out. "bbc news" in the central african republic. >> back to thailand. yet another country in violence between police and protesters today. authorities attempt told clear several protest sites that had been blocked by the demonstrators. at least four were kill and would dozens injured. we have a report from bangkok and a warning, there are some graphic images. >> outside the prm's office in
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bangkok, uneasiness. here the police are trying to negotiate. no deal. the protest movement will not give up the ground it's held here for more than two months. a short distance away, the police tried to push forward and faced fierce resistance. they briefly captured a protest leader. hat brought rocks. there was tear gas in response. but still the crowd refused to retreat. it was hard to know who was shooting who. this policeman survived a shot in the head and his colleague died from a chest wound. the police tried to hold their ground, firing repeatedly with
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rubber bullets. then a grenade into the police line. landing at their feet. one of them realized the danger, but too late. all were injured. one lost his leg. more bodies and gunfire from the police, this time with live rounds. they left many protesters with serious gunshot wounds, some fatal. that has now become a very tense frontline. a few moments ago it showed how easily violence can erupt when the tensions are this bad. the police say they'll pull back but the protesters are still very angry. there's is ill the potential for trouble here. as the police w. drew, the protesters -- withdrew, the
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protesters reclaimed the street. it's been one of the bloodiest days of this long conflict and in the end, little has changed. "bbc news," bangkok. >> you're watching "bbc world news" america." still to come, the importance of a good night's sleep. athletes are using new technology to make sure every moment of rest counts. iran said today it wouldn't buckle from the pressure from the international community as a new round of talks began. >> iran's six world powers are back at the negotiating tables, this time in search of a permanent seasons -- answer on iran's controversial nuclear program. the stakes are high and both sides are divided on what an agreement should look like. the talks in vienna are aimed at working up spring work for negotiations over the next weeks and months.
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if the talks are successful, they could put an end to decades of hostility between iran and the west. but both sides are downplaying homes of a quick breakthrough. on monday, iran's supreme leader said he wasn't optimistic about the negotiations. >> i have said it before several times, that it's an excuse to create enmity. it's against all the odds. another issue will come up. pay attention as the u.s. government has raised the human rights issue, missiles issue and arms. >> the west says about fights like this where iran enriches uranium. it wants iran to cut back to assure it can't quickly assemble n atomic bomb. but iran wants an end to the
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sanctions that has battered its economy. it took months of very hard bargaining for the two sides to get this far. the vienna talks are all right first test of their resolve. both sides are pessimistic but both know this is the best chance they've had in years to try and find a ash a deal and they know that the cons queenses of failure will be very serious. venezuela. tens of thousands of protesters marched down the streets of caracas today. opposition leader lopez and police face charges of inciting violence. blaming madulo is three u.s. officials in the country for inciting the violence, demanding that they
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leave by tomorrow. thejoined by the guest from center of studies. what do you think will be the outcome? >> i think what's different on a this situation is in the past you've had a lot of protests but no issue break with the malaise that's going on between the two, the government and opposition, something that makes a change in wasp what's been occurring. in this action, heo poledo turned himself in take the hit and go to jail for cost, a sacrifice other sop op oppositions haven't made. >> hugo chavez faced prosests -- protests but is maduro facing more opposition? >> he's also facing a splintered
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coalition. members of the coalition are interesting in having his job as well as members of the military. in the 10 months he's been in leadership he hasn't been able to bring all those folks together the way that president chavez had. >> what role will the military play if these protests continue? >> a decisive actor in this whole issue. up to now they've been in order. they have not come out and made any political statement, not demonstrating any leaning to one side or the other. they've just been implementing the law and they've stayed that way. the moment that you have a member from the military sympathize with the plight of the protesters, things could change. >> does the u.s. have any influence at all here? >> i would say the united states is used as a bogey man to attribute all of the bad things that are happening so if the
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oppositions protests, maduro blames that on the united states. >> do the venezuelans believe that? >> i don't think so anymore. the issues of criminality, having to do with corruption and insecurity in general, uncle sam isn't involved in the day-to-day lives of the venezuelans. it's the venezuelan government that has. >> what is the basic issue? quality of life, freedom of speech? >> i think it's the everyday issues. we like to talk about the bigger issues, usually but here it's issues like scarcity. you go to the supermarket and you can't find food. are you -- you are walking around the town and you get assaulted and rob. these issues are wearing thin on the venezuelan people. >> thank you so much for joining us. tomorrow, president obama will meet with the leaders of north america and canada marking a
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anniversary of the north american trade agreement. butterflies in recent years, the number of monarchs migrating has fallen sharply. will grant reports. >> traditionally, millions of monarch butterflies arrive in mexico in the -- on the second of november, the day of the dead. for the mayans, the brightly covered insects covering the forest like an orange snow represented the souls of the recently demented. this year, however, the butterflies were later than usual and fewer in number. the monarch is an insect under threat. critics of intensive farming in the united states say the herbicides have removed milk word for the already vay. although it may appear there are tens of thousands of monarchs still here, their numbers are
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dwindling fast say environmentalists and they're trying to bring pressure to bear north americanhe trade agreement. >> the low numbers of monarch overwintering here in mexico is like a new situation for all of north american governments and people because the people in the states and canada are very involved with the conservation of the monarchs too, the same like in mexico. country's one of the best known poe etc. he has delivered about the plight of a monarch, signed by 100 top environmental activists to the u.s. and canadian ambassadors. he says the significance of the butterfly goes beyond the nears tetic. >> it's our economy because there are many people in the
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villages who have been leaving every winter that they're here so people come every day to watch the butterflies. >> as long as the monarchs still migrate to mexico, that attracts tourists too. and at nature resevers, people like donna castro are finding it harder to make a living. as the number of insects drop, so does the number of people coming to see them, she tells me. locals sometimes joke that the monarch is the only mexican who doesn't need a visa to cross the border north. the humble butterfly may find it hard to make it on to the agenda. mid the talks of trailed and security, the leaders might reflect that the fragile nature
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on which the pact was founded is in danger all together. >> we all know what it's like to struggle from a lack of sleep. athletes being tired can have a big impact on training and more and more universities here in america are turning to technology to measure their athletes' quality of sleep. jane o'brien takes a look. >> canadian rower anderson measures everything. his heart rate, his speed. how much he eats and now his sleep. the latest wrarblee technology allows him to track how much shut eye he's actually getting and adjust his training cordly. >> it allows me to -- accordingly. >> it allows me to get the overall average. it tracks my heart rate and the wrist band tracks when i actually go to sleep. i try to go to sleep at 8:00.
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i'm to sleep by 9:00 sometimes. it tells me how much light sleep, deep sleep. >> the technology is the pride of george washington university. when training starts next season they'll be wearing sleep trackers. wrist bands that monitor motion will show when and how often his athletes' sleep is being interrupted. >> just like nutrition. you want an athlete to eat well but it's very difficult to monitor it because they're not in this room. they're not in front of you. same thing with sleep. you try to impress upon them the importance of it but you truly don't know if they're getting the optimal range. with these devices now they're telling you that. >> research has shown that sleep dep vacation -- deprivation can affect anything, from the amount of weight an athlete can lift,
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reflexes and the ant to handle stress. but the technology has limitations. at this colin i guessic, sleep is measured by brain activity, eye and muscle movement. doctors say it's the only accurate measurement of sleep quality. >> that will tell me that a patient's most likely in a deep sleep. >> wrist band that detect restlessness or movement might be wrongly assuming that the person is awang. >> purely based on the fact that motion equals being awake. that's a very simplified resumption of what seep is are a good night. >> mass market sleep workers can provide an overall picture of sleep patterns and duration and experts say that along with other digital health monitors they have raised awareness of
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the importance of sleep for everybody. jane o. -- o. brian, "bbc news," washington. >> including me. world news america will have a special broadcast from rio de janiero tomorrow. looking at the special issues brazil faces. >> i'm here in rio de janiero, this stunning city where they're getting ready for three separate events. the carnival in a couple of weeks then the world cup and then in 2016 the olympics, i'll be talking to the mayor of rio to see whether they're ready for all of that we'll be looking at the security situation and whether enough is being done to address income inequality in brazil. that's all on the show tomorrow, live from here in rio. >> tune in tomorrow were for that special program. for all of us here at world news
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america, thank you for watching.
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america, thank you for watching. >> "bbc world news" was
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narrator: george and the man with the yellow hat were giving professor wiseman a hand testing her newest invention. oh, this is great! (giggles "see?") the wiseman digg-zacta measures how much soil you remove. perfect for archaeological excavation. ah! (giggles) ooh... huh? (chatters curiously) that shows, you've removed exactly one square foot of dirt. ah! i get it. when you talk to the science board, you won't have to use it, just answer any questions they may have. oh, sure. i can do that. it's so simple, i won't even get nervous. thanks a million. i'd do it myself, but i have to fly to turkey-- a new find at sagalassos. your digg-zacta is in good hands. uh-huh! uh-huh! i don't know how other geniuses do it

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